The study is expected to be completed by early 2018 resulting into an extensive dossier to be submitted to regulators. Once on the market, after all trials and approvals, the ring could be sold at not more than 10 U.S. Dollars about 33,000 Shillings. Each ring can be used for one month.
One of the studies, code-named SEARCH, employed a community-based multi-disease approach to HIV testing combined with a patient-centred test and treat model of ART. At the start of SEARCH, 45 percent of the HIV-positive population had viral loads below 500 copies/ml. Two years later, following the study intervention, 81 percent were virally suppressed.
The funding is part of the DREAMS innovation challenge, a 385 million US Dollar project supported by the US Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief-PEPFAR. The partnership, led by PEPFAR and with the support of the Bill Melinda Gates Foundation supports adolescent girls and young women to become Determined, Resilient, Empowered, AIDS-free, Mentored, and Safe.
The highest rates of infection were in Southern Africa with more than one percent of the population per year becoming infected in Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland. Uganda had an average of 77,000 new infections, down from 140,000 infections in 2014.
Until today, Medical experts recommended formula feeding for infants in order to avert possible transmission through breast milk. World Health Organisation data indicates that transmission rates through breast milk can range between 15 to 45 percent.
Valerie Mizrahi, the head of the University of Cape Towns Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine, added that the lack of political urgency, and the growing threat of drug resistance must all be confronted head on in order to reduce the global burden of TB.
The decline in donor funding for HIV is blamed on the significant appreciation of the U.S. Dollar that resulted in the depreciation of most other donor currencies, delays in disbursement by the U.S government and the front loading of pledged contributions to the Global Fund for HIV, Tuberculosis and Malaria.
Over 18,000 scientists, activists and policy makers gathered in Durban, South Africa for the 21st international Aids Conference, argue that funding could boost the growing scientific interest in the search for an HIV cure, novel research initiatives, and a new optimism that a cure or sustainable remission for HIV is feasible.
Delegates at the UN climate change conference in Durban, South Africa say the negotiations should end with an agreement to launch the Green Climate Fund (GCF) needed to adapt and mitigate the effects of climate change.
The United Nations climate change conference has opened in Durban South Africa with a call to leaders in least developed and developed countries to take actions to fight or reverse effects of climate change.