Currently, in Uganda, the flu vaccine which can offer protection against viral pneumonia is only available on the private market and for special groups such as children who suffer from asthma, those with heart disease and premature babies.
Otoori explains that the shots are taken on annual basis because every year, a new vaccine is manufactured depending on the new strains of flu that might be affecting people during a certain part of the year.
The satellite imagery confirms that in total 2 billion children are exposed to outdoor air pollution, caused by factors such as vehicle emissions, heavy use of fossil fuels, dust and burning of waste, exceeds minimum air quality guidelines set by the World Health Organization.
Dr Sabrina Kitaka, the head of pediatrics at Mulago Hospital says that the pneumonia ward at Mulago now receives less than five children a day some of which are isolated cases that are presented as referrals. This is the opposite of depressing sights prior to April 2014 when the ward accommodated over 100 patients at a go.