The declaration comes amidst concerns that unsustainable food production and consumption patterns are a common thread, running through many of the greatest challenges facing humanity today.
of more than 130 nations on Friday endorsed the UAE Declaration on Sustainable Agriculture, Resilient Food Systems, and
2021, UN Secretary-General, António Guterres convened the UN Food
following evidence that food systems are one of the main
reasons we are failing to stay within the planet’s ecological boundaries.
the first time that governments have committed to bringing action on food
systems into their responses to the climate and nature crises. Among
other things, they are committing to helping food producers adapt to climate
change, and to shifting away from practices that result in high emissions of
greenhouse gases, while conserving, protecting, and restoring nature.
pledged to integrate such actions in their National Adaption Plans
under the UN Framework Convention on
Climate Change, their Nationally Determined Contributions
under the Paris Agreement,
and their National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans
under the UN
Convention on Biological Diversity.
commit to doing this before COP30 of the UN Framework Convention on Climate
Change in 2025, and will review progress next year at COP29.
December, the COP28 Presidency and partners will host an event focused on implementing
It will include the launch of a "climate
policy toolkit for food" aimed at accelerating implementation.
the latest action will emerge as one of the positive outcomes from the ongoing UN
Climate Conference in Dubai some of the delegates are demanding for more action
Lim Li Ching, co-chair of theInternational Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems
ina statement said while that is an essential first step, the
language remains very vague.
“And specific actions and measurable targets
are conspicuously missing - including shifting to healthy sustainable diets,
phasing out fossil fuels, and reducing over consumption of industrially produced
The Executive Director of the Food and Land Use
Coalition, Morgan Gillespy
said the Declaration
is a much-needed development but noted that it should observed that from
previous COPs the signing a declaration is far from enough.
must rapidly shift to implementation from the moment the ink on the page
dries.” he said.
Tom Mitchell, Executive Director of the International Institute for Environment and
described the declaration as staggering because it has not included obligation
to include agriculture sector in emissions reductions plans for so long.
subsidies have long supported the polluting effects of large-scale agriculture,
acting as a hidden brake on climate action. These payments should be redirected
in a way that means people and nature can thrive,” said Tom Mitchell.
Diego Martinez Schütt,
Food Systems Advisor at CAFOD
said the e Declaration is a step in the right
direction because it addresses our broken global food system by targeting
support for indigenous peoples and small-scale farmers, and in recognizing the
need for local solutions.
“This Declaration will only work if it
encourages governments to focus on strengthening local food systems through
solutions that have already proven effective, such as agroecology."
In 2021, a report by the United Nations' Environment Programme (UNEP) found that over decades, as populations have grown, more people are consuming - and wasting more food
– than ever before. Unsustainable food production and consumption
patterns are a common thread, running through many of the greatest
challenges facing humanity today.
It further found that Between 2000 and 2010, large-scale commercial agriculture accounted for 40 per cent of tropical deforestation
and local subsistence agriculture was not far behind, accounting for
another 33 per cent. But human food systems depend on biodiversity to
function, and conventional food systems reduce biodiversity
– effectively destroying their own foundation.