The study conducted between January 1 and June 30, 2020, indicates that the conventional reporting format of news writing remained dominant with 1,965 stories, representing 75 per cent of all news stories and articles published during the time. Often, government officials were not questioned on their statements.
ACME Findings show that we had fewer investigative stories
Journalists failed to question the official narrative while covering the outbreak and management of Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), a study by the African
Centre for Media Excellence (ACME) says.
Of the 2,620 stories written and published in the New
Vision, Daily Monitor, The Observer, Bukedde and the Independent, only
nine employed the investigative format making it the least common
of all three formats with only 0.4 per cent of all COVID-19 stories.
The study conducted between
January 1 and June 30, 2020, indicates that the conventional reporting format of
news writing remained dominant with 1,965 stories, representing 75 per cent of all news
stories and articles published during the time. Often, government officials were not questioned on their statements.
“The president, the Minister of Health, and many governments
officials were more often than not given a free pass to frame the story,” the report
The study also indicates that President Museveni was
most frequently cited unique source, at 18.2 per cent, followed closely
Minister Jane Ruth Aceng at 14.4 per cent. The president of the United
States of America Donald Trump was ranked third with 8.7 per cent
citations, then the Director-General of Health Services Henry Mwebesa
7.8 per cent and the Permanent
Secretary in the Ministry of Health, Dr Diana Atwine Kanzira at 7.2 per
Peter G. Mwesige,
the Executive Director of the African Centre for Media Excellence
posted on his social media account calling upon journalists to play a
more advanced role in telling the COVID-19 story.
don’t give the President a free pass on his COVID-19 Address. Don’t simply
repeat what he says. Provide context. Unmask his claims. What doesn't make
sense? Where are the gaps? If he sounds incoherent or gives a confusing and long-winded speech, call him out.”
The report, however, shows that the proportion of stories that
employed the enterprise and interpretive approach was also quite significant at
628 stories representing 24 per cent, compared to previous studies on media coverage of
public affairs. The Observer and Independent wrote more enterprising and
interpretive format stories compared to the New Vision and Daily Monitor, while
Bukedde and Daily monitor led in investigations.
The study further says a number of factors contributed to
the lack of investigative reporting in the coverage of COVID-19 ranging from; the enormity of the developing story, reluctance of and fear by sources to
contradict the official narrative, human
resource challenges, poor investment in journalism,
and the lockdown restrictions and time.
The study also says that the Ugandan newspapers remained
rather inward-looking, adding that events in neighbouring countries such as
Burundi, South Sudan, and Tanzania deserved far more attention and prominence
that they were given in the Ugandan media.
The study also revealed that the Public health angle of the
COVID-19 crisis was affected by the lack of specialization by several
reporters who covered the story. “Newsrooms don’t have fully developed health reporting
desks, and many have lost experienced health reporters who have moved on to
NGOs or government agencies.” Says the report.
But some editors who were interviewed on the report say that it
was too early to draw conclusions on investigative reporting on COVID-19,
saying events were still unfolding and that it takes time to do the stories. “
Bukedde editor Geoffrey Kulubya said that the best
investigations will come out months later. “We shall need to question how the
money was spent; how much was stolen.”
Journalist Lydia Namubiru says that probably any investigative journalism being done is still a
work in progress. “Four months may be a short time to judge whether or not
there will be investigative journalism on the subject”.
The study, however, points out that the media recognized and
gave significant attention to the impact of COVID-19 as well as the ordinary
people who bore the brunt of the pandemic. However, official sources still