The Covid-19 pandemic has driven four percent of Ugandans back into poverty, posing the toughest challenge ever for the country's budgeting process.
It emerged as the government launched its 2021/2022 national budget process this afternoon that the year is ending with 25% of the citizens, that is a quarter of the population, back to living below the poverty line, an increase from 21 % at the beginning of the year. The four percent new returnees to poverty amount to about 1.8 million people.
The 2021/2022 National Budget Strategy issued Thursday takes into account the fact that there will be reduced resources, both domestic and
external, to fund the development plan for the next year, due to the effects of
the pandemic. The pandemic's socioeconomic impact means the government has to put in
place remedial measures to mitigate the direct impacts and recast the
development agenda, according to the strategy.
Next year’s budget will also be the first one implemented
under the full programmatic approach to budget planning, organized in line with
the 3rd National Development Plan, under the theme:
Industrialisation for Inclusive Growth, Employment and Wealth Creation.
According to the strategy, ministerial and agency plans will
be in line with the NDP 3, but also influenced by the pandemic and its effects.
Before the onset of the pandemic, economic growth for 2020 was
forecast at 6.7 percent, but has since been revised downward to 3.1 percent. The strategy aims at boosting this growth to 6
percent, before growing at 7 percent per year in the midterm.
It also aims at creating of half a million jobs per year,
while per capita income should grow from the current 870 dollars to 1,198 dollars
The pandemic has also led to an increase in poverty levels,
with an estimated 2.5 million people having already fallen back into poverty.
By the end of this year, 25 percent of Ugandans are expected to be under the
poverty line, up from 21 percent in 2017. Minister Matia Kasaija however, warned that while some
regions have progressed well, the economic inequality must be addressed, as
abject poverty levels are dominating populations in other regions, with people
unable to afford basic services.
//“ Cue in: Mr Prime Minister, we must be very careful …..
Cue out: ……. most of our people down there.”//
The other major challenge facing the government is the low
absorption capacity of allocations, and slow implementation of government
projects, and the duplication of roles by the multiple government agencies,
which leads to over-allocation of resources.
Julius Mukunda, The Executive Director of the Civil Society
Budget Advocacy Group, CSBAG, urged the Prime Minister’s office to implement
the two-year promise of restructuring the agencies, as soon as the general
elections are done.
// “Cue in: You had promised us two year ago…..
Cue out: ….. this can save this country a lot.”//
The strategy also notes that there is uncompetitive cost of
production, especially with high energy costs and capital which have to be
It also targets to increase
production, supply of goods and services as well as increased aggregate demand.
However, the Private Sector Foundation Uganda says some
government policies are curtailing the growth in personal incomes, hindering
the growth of the people’s purchasing power.
PSFU Deputy Executive Director, Francis Kisirinya cites the
tax regime which is not competitive compared with what is in the neighbouring
countries, and urges the government to take over the cost of the digital tax
stamp which has led to high prices for consumers.
//” Cue in: Kenya’s VAT rate is about 14%.....
Cue out: ……. Pass on this cost to the consumers.”//
Minister Matia Kasaija assures the public that the rescue programs,
including tax adjustments, payment of domestic arrears and provision of
low-cost financing for enterprises, will go a long way in answering these