The conservationists argue that giving tokens or incentives to communities living near protected areas will encourage them to alert rangers when wild animals leave their habitats and also ensure fellow community members do not kill the animals.
want communities and rangers to be given incentives for their contribution to
They argue that giving tokens or incentives to communities living near
protected areas will encourage them to alert rangers when wild animals leave
their habitats and also ensure fellow community members do not kill the
Dr. Gladys Kalema Zikusoka,
a gorilla conservationist since 1988, says that while the
Wildlife Act, 2019 provides for compensation for people who are killed or whose
property is damaged by wildlife, the law does not provide rewards for people
who give information about poachers, raids and other efforts that could boost
Sections 82, 83, and 84 of the Wildlife Act provide for the establishment
of a wildlife compensation verification committee and wildlife compensation
scheme for any "person who suffers bodily injury or is killed or suffers
damage to his or her Property by wild animals."
Zikusoka wants the Uganda Wildlife Authority-UWA to devise reward schemes for
rangers, community scouts, communities living near conservation areas, and
whistleblowers to encourage them to fight against illegal wildlife trade and
trafficking such as poaching, hunting, importing, and exporting of illegal
Zikusoka says the incentives should range from 50,000 to 100,000 Shillings for
individuals who report early and also rangers who respond quickly to reports to
avert human-wildlife conflict.
the acting Commissioner Conservation at the Ministry of Tourism Wildlife and
Antiquities says that incentives are less costly than paying compensation
claims. He explains that the UWA has not yet started compensating victims
because the regulations to operationalize the compensation scheme are not in
According to Owoyesigire, the regulations are still being processed by the
Attorney General and on approval, then UWA will start paying the claims.
The Wildlife Act provides that among others, two percent of UWA's revenue
from services offered will be allocated to the wildlife compensation scheme.
Sam Mwandha, the Executive Director at UWA, agrees, says that the authority is
currently facing financial constraints due to the negative impact of Covid-19
on tourism and global travels.
Since September 2019, Mwandha says the authority has received more than 1,000
claims for compensation, and yet the account for the compensation scheme that was
opened in July 2020 has 440 Million Shillings.
However, he supports giving incentives, saying
it could result in fewer human-wildlife conflicts and thereby reduction in the number
of compensation claims.