The CSOs argue that the gender differences in Uganda’s land tenure systems continue to undermine increased land productivity, provision of affordable housing, and promotion of equitable resource management as enshrined in the Sustainable Development Goal – SDG 1.
of the Civil Society Organizations – CSOs have asked Parliament to enact
pro-people land reform laws to address gender and land rights gaps in the
that the gender differences in Uganda’s land tenure systems continue to
undermine increased land productivity, provision of affordable housing, and
promotion of equitable resource management as enshrined in the Sustainable
Development Goal – SDG 1.
Rehema Bavuma, the Country Coordinator of Fian Uganda, a research and advocacy
group in Kampala says that the debates on customary and mailo land tenure
systems remain contentious and the proposed land reforms threaten the
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Eron Kiiza, a human rights lawyer and the Chief Executive Officer of The
Environment Shield observed that there are big investment players in the
country who are currently using their influence to meddle in land
management affairs. He cited the ongoing Bugoma forest land battle in Hoima,
Kiryandongo sugar project, and the struggle for ownership of land hosting gold
mineral deposits in Bukedea District among others.
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Mwebaze, the Deputy Executive Director of Oxfam Uganda notes that in 2019, they undertook a study revealing that
land remains a driver of inequality in Uganda that relates to especially governance
that in 2021, they also undertook another study that underpinned different
cultural practices and norms in the country that undermines ownership and
control of land by women and young people.
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The Government of Uganda, through the Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban
Development has formulated a national land policy to provide a framework
for articulating the role of land in national development, land ownership,
distribution, utilization, alienability, management, and control of the land but
weak enforcement mechanisms have been blamed.
revealed that in their findings, they also made recommendations for proper land
tenure policy frameworks in Uganda that explicitly address gender-inclusive
access to land to harness equitable resource utilization to spur meaningful
Flavia Kabahenda Rwabuhoro, a member of the Natural Resources Committee of
Parliament and the Publicity Secretary for the Parliamentary Alliance on Nutritional
and Food Security rallied the CSOs to write motions, petitions, and position
papers to shape legislation.
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Kabahenda, the Kyegegwa District Woman Representative disclosed that while the land
is a major factor in all development aspects, several other barriers hinder
women’s land rights that call for more awareness creation.
Constitution (Section 237(1), the Land Act of 1998 Cap 227 states that “Land in
Uganda belongs to the citizens of Uganda. With more than 80% of the population
rural and directly deriving livelihoods through subsistence agriculture, land
access, ownership and use are core to economic, social, and environmental
report by the Uganda Bureau of Statistics - UBOS, only 28% of women own land, a
clear indication of gender disparity in land ownership, use, and control that
consequently hinders women’s participation in agricultural production, leading
to poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition in the country.
In 2018, the World Bank Group report revealed
that the gender gap affects the land rights of women, and their ability to
undertake business ventures. It further constrains women’s other property
rights given the pluralistic nature of the legal regimes.