Negotiators at the UN climate talks in Lima are deeply divided on whether or not new national climate actions should include adaptation or mitigation interventions in response to climate change.
As the talks come close to the end, most of the developed countries are calling on the developed countries to indicate both adaptation and mitigation interventions in their national climate change actions.
The Developed Countries however are not willing to take on adaptation in their country pledges or what is known as â€˜Intended Nationally Determined Contributions' (INDCS).
The Intended Nationally Determined Contributions bring together elements to be put forward by all countries with the aim of reducing global emissions at an average global temperature rise to 2 degrees Celsius.
However, in a statement in Lima,Miguel Arias Canete, the European Union's Commissioner for Energy and Climate Action, said that â€œcountries' intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) should be exclusively devoted to mitigation.â€
Winnie Byanyima, the Executive Director of Oxfam International says Developed Countries should take up the both the cost for adaptation and mitigation because they are largely responsible for emitting the ozone layer depleting greenhouse gases.
Byanyima on Wednesday led a heavily attended demonstration through Peruvian capital Lima expressing dissatisfaction with the way the negotiations were turning out.
In an interview, Byanyima says poor countries should not be made to foot the cost of adaptation when the problem they are trying to respond to was largely caused by the Developed countries.
She says the poor countries would remain poor if they were made to foot for the cost of adapting to effects of climate change.
//Cue in â€œOur reason is
Cue Out â€¦ that needs to be paid forâ€//
Climate Change Mitigation refers to efforts to reduce or prevent emission of greenhouse gases. Mitigation can mean using new technologies and renewable energies, making older equipment more energy efficient, or changing management practices.
While Adaptation to the adverse effects of climate change is vital in order to respond to the impacts of climate change that are already happening, while at the same time prepare for future impacts
Early this week, United Nations Environment Program (n UNEP) released a report indication that that the cost for the planet to â€œadaptâ€ to global warming could be up to five times higher than previously estimated â€“ at whopping $500 billion a year by mid-century.
The report states that the costs of helping developing nations to adapt to rising temperatures â€œcould climb as high as $150 billion by 2025/2030 and $250-500 billion per year by 2050.â€
Developing countries and groups like Byanyima's Oxfam international are using this report as a basis to urge the developed countries to figure in the cost of adaptation in their climate actions as they negotiate a new Post 2015 climate change agreement in Paris next year.
Byanyima says the Paris deal could fail unless adaptation is included in the draft text expected to come out of the Lima talks.
// Cue in â€œWhat we want in Paris is
Cue Out â€¦destruction of our planet"//
By Thursday, Uganda's delegation had established a committee chaired by Phillip Gwage, a Ugandan climate expert to come out with the country's position.
Uganda is negotiating as part of the Africa Group. The Africa group is unrelenting over the stand requiring the Developed countries to pay for adaptation.