The Hague based court prosecutes the most serious crimes that are of concern to the international community. These include crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes. Although it had been proposed that the Court should prosecute the crime of aggression, the state parties have not yet agreed on a definition.
Presidential Candidate Robert Kyagulanyi Ssentamu has
petitioned the International Criminal Court (ICC) to indict President Yoweri Museveni
for perpetuation electoral violence.
Kyagulanyi said that President Museveni was violating the
rights of Ugandans even as the country heads to elections. He says that the
basis for their petition which was filled by their lawyers in Uganda and abroad
is the violence that is being meted upon his supporters and team and the over
50 people that were killed in November last year.
The Hague based court prosecutes the most serious crimes
that are of concern to the international community. These include crimes of
genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes. Although it had been
proposed that the Court should prosecute the crime of aggression, the state
parties have not yet agreed on a definition.
According to Kyagulanyi, the crimes being committed in Uganda
tantamount to crimes against humanity. According to the ICC definition, Crimes against humanity are
crimes that are “committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack
directed against any civilian population.”
They can include acts such as, murder, extermination,
enslavement, deportation, forcible transfer of population, imprisonment,
torture, rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, forced pregnancy,
sterilization, other forms of sexual violence, persecution against any
identifiable group or collectivity enforced disappearance of persons, the
crime of apartheid, other
inhumane acts of a similar character intentionally causing great suffering, or
serious injury to body or to mental or physical health.
Kyagulanyi says that their petition has enough evidence
against President Museveni, and security Minister General Elly Tumwine among
others. They said that they took the matter to the ICC because President
Museveni has a firm grip on the domestic courts of law.
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Kyagulanyi also decried the manner in which he was arrested
yesterday from Jinja as he made a stopover on the roadside to address a press
In 2017, Dr Kiiza Besigye collected close to 1 million
signatures to petition the International criminal court for to indict the president
Museveni over the attack on the Rwenzururu Kingdom in which hundreds of lives were
lost. The ICC, however, said that the killings in Kasese didn't amount to crimes
against humanity or genocide.
Meanwhile, Kyagulanyi asked Ugandans to ignore a directive by
Justice Simon Byabakama, the chairman of the Electoral Commission, that people
should go home after voting. He says it is a right of Ugandans to watch the
entire exercise for the purpose of transparency.