UN climate change conference delegates are searching for common ground on the future of climate change legal regime as the negotiations intensify and move towards the end-line in Durban, South Africa.
The negotiations are similar to the battle between the developed and less developed countries.
Developed countries accused of polluting the atmosphere through their industries have been in protective mode, declining to commit money to climate change at the time when the developing countries are demanding more funds to adapt to and mitigate effects of climate change.
There has been consensus on the need to launch the Green Climate Fund to which developed countries would contribute 100 billion dollars per year by 2020.
The fund is to help developing nations pay for their adaptation and mitigation actions but some developed countries have expressed reservations on when the fund should be operational.
Maite Nkoana-Mashabane, South Africa’s International Relations Minister told journalists he was hopeful progress will be made during the last hours of climate talks.
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One of the biggest issues at hand is whether or not to enter a second legally binding agreement to govern the global climate change framework. The climate change response is governed by the Kyoto Protocol which expires at the end next year.
Developing countries like Uganda and several civil society groups want the Kyoto Protocol renewed in what is called the second commitment period. They also want Durban to agree on Green Climate Fund.
Harjeet Singh , the Head of Action Aid International in an interview said some gains have been made but concrete actions were needed especially in financing the green climate fund
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among some of the funding options being suggested by civil society is the need to introduce tax on shipping and aviation industries.