According to the planned expenditure, 82% of the budget will be managed by the central government, while local governments get 16%, which the experts say is too little to enable local governments operate effectively.
Experts have called for more decentralization of the management of
national resources to make sure that they are spent at the lowest levels of
government as much as possible.
Much as Uganda operates a decentralization system of government, the central
government accounts for most of the expenditure, as reflected in the national
budgets including the 2021/22 budget.
According to the planned expenditure, 82% of the budget will be
managed by the central government, while local governments get 16%, which the
experts say is too little to enable local governments to operate effectively.
The other 2% is due to be shared equally between foreign missions
and referral hospitals.
Policy analyst Ramathan Ggoobi says with this kind of budgeting,
there is no way there can be effective service delivery because the local
governments are largely incapacitated.
He however says the situation is helped by the expenses of the
central government within the local governments, where it spends 54% of the
resources to the districts, on development programs.
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Speaking at a post-budget conference organized by the Institute of
Public Accountants of Uganda, ICPAU, some experts wondered if the issue of
decentralizing resources can be solved by the planned Parish Model of
Some, however, wondered about the applicability of the program
which they think was not well studied before being decided on.
Under the model, the government has, among other things absorbed
most of the wealth funds like the Youth Livelihood Program, Uganda Women
Empowerment Program, Peace Recovery, and Development Plan among others.
The parish will also be the lowest level of government planning
and implementation. Ggoobi however, says the idea had been around as early as
2008, but that some people have been fighting it because it would plug some
gaps for corruption at some levels. He says if it was well and honestly
implemented it would have a great impact.
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Prof Twaha Kaawaase, also a Deputy Prime Minister of Buganda
proposed that the Parish Model would be better administered or implemented
under a regional governance system which would give a more stable and predictable
environment for planners.
He reasons that the districts are becoming a difficult centre of
administration because every time and then, their sizes change and new and
smaller units are created, hence disrupting programs and service
On his Part, Ggoobi says this makes sense and it should be put before
the government for discussion.
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He says the current system where the central government designs
programs targeted for regions does not favour the success of the project.
Citing the numerous programs that have been made for and
implemented for the development of northern Uganda, saying they have not born
any fruit, despite billions of shillings spent on them.